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Ensuring Food Security in the Coral Triangle through an Ecosystem Approach to Fisheries Management

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The ecosystem approach to fisheries management (EAFM), one of the key goals of the Coral Triangle countries, is meant to address problems such as overfishing, illegal fishing, overcapacity, and by-catch.

The Coral Triangle cuts a rich swath along the earth’s equator where 76% of the world’s corals, many captivating marine species, and the largest mangrove forests and tuna fisheries are found.

Precisely because of the region’s significance, the six Coral Triangle countries formulated a Regional Plan of Action (or RPOA) to concretely address the biggest threats to the Coral Triangle within the next 10 years, and outlined five key goals.

Recognizing that fisheries are main food source of their people, EAFM has become a major issue when it comes to food security and sustainability of marine resources.

There is an urgent need for sustainable solutions. For the people of the Pacific, there is one sure way: learning and applying the principles of EAFM.

In support of this effort, the Asian Development Back (or ADB) has carried out Regional Technical Assistance 7753, “Strengthening Coastal and Marine Resources Management in the Coral Triangle of the Pacific,” with the goal of “Enriching Fisheries Management Practices in the Pacific Through CTI Cross-Country Learning through Basic Training on the Ecosystem Approach to Fisheries Management (EAFM).”

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The project will aid Papua New Guinea, the Solomon Islands, and Timor-Leste in applying EAFM, and will adapt the same principles to coastal management in Fiji and Vanuatu.

EAFM is carried out through the effective implementation of growth, control, and maintenance mechanisms and , fostering the participation of stakeholders on all levels.

Avatar of Coral Triangle Written by Coral Triangle

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