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Assessing Adaptation Options for Climate Change: A Guide for Coastal Communities in the Coral Triangle of the Pacific

Assessing Adaptation Options for Climate Change: A Guide for Coastal Communities in the Coral Triangle of the Pacific

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Assessing options for adapting to climate change is an important part of building resilient fishing and farming communities.

This brochure is part of a series that collectively detail how a community-based assessment of climate change was used in partnership with coastal communities and provincial and national-level stakeholders in Timor-Leste and Solomon Islands.

adaptation-climate-change-brochureThe assessment contains four distinct, but related, steps focused on supporting community-level decision-making for adaptation through a series of participatory action research activities. Each brochure in this series details a specific activity in the four-step assessment.

This series of eight brochures is primarily aimed for use where resources are limited or where it is more appropriate to use a rapid, qualitative and non-data intensive method of assessment.

Community leaders, local NGOs and regional and national-level government representatives in developing countries may find this series useful.

This series of brochures is intended for use more broadly across the Coral Triangle and Pacific region.

Assessment Process – This brochure gives an introduction to and details of a community-based adaptation assessment of climate change is conducted in partnership with community members, local NGOs and goverment representatives in Timor-Leste and the Solomon Islands.

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Climate Analysis – This brochure provides details of an activity relating to the ‘Scoping’ step of the assessment, namely analysis of long-term observed climate data. This analysis is aimed at identifying climate-sensitive farming and fishing practices that may need to be adapted in response to changes in climate.

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Impact and Adaptation Assessment Workshop – This brochure provides details of an activity relating to the ‘Identifying options’ step of the assessment, namely a two-day impact and adaptation assessment workshop. This activity was conducted with fishers and farmers to consider the importance of climate change to their livelihoods.

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Decision-tree and Partial Cost-benefit Analyses – This brochure provides details of an activity relating to the ‘Evaluation of options’ step of the assessment, research conducted with farmers and fishers to assess the economic implications of adopting different adaptation actions.

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Social Network Analysis – This brochure provides details of an activity relating to the ‘Evaluation of options’ step of the assessment, namely Social Network Analysis (SNA). This activity was conducted with community members and aimed at understanding the social networks that influence the capacity of fishers and farmers to
produce food for consumption and cash sales.

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Landscape Function Analysis – This brochure provides details of an activity relating to the ‘Evaluation of options’ step of the assessment, namely Landscape Function Analysis (LFA). This activity was conducted with community members to measure the ecological function of different types of home garden production systems.

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Ecosystem Services Mapping – This brochure provides details of an activity relating to the ‘Evaluation of options’ step of the assessment. This activity involves working with provincial and national-level stakeholders to produce an annotated map of the natural resources that provide essential ecological services needed to underpin fishing and farming livelihoods. Ecosystem services are the benefits that people obtain from ecosystems, such as nutrient cycling and fresh water.

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Implementation Planning – This brochure provides details of an activity relating to the ‘Planning implementation’ step of the assessment, namely a workshop held with community members to evaluate the usefulness of the material produced to date on climate change adaptation and how to begin planning the implementation of selected adaptation actions.

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This research was conducted by WorldFish under the project “Responding to Climate Change Using an Adaptation Pathways and Decision-Making Approach”, pursuant to the Asian Development Bank and Global Environment Facility cofunded initiative R-CDTA 7753-Strengthening Coastal and Marine Resources Management in the Coral Triangle of the Pacific (Phase 2).

 

View video on “Community-based Adaptation to Climate Change in Timor-Leste”

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