Integrated Coastal Management in Malaita ProvincePrograms & Projects
WorldFish conducted a scoping exercise to identify target areas for community-based resource management (CBRM) demonstration in the Solomon Islands’ Malaita Province. The exercise was designed to help identify a realistic mode of engagement with the community (intensive or low input option based on the CBRM Spread Model).
A team was deployed to Mararo in East Are-Are based on expressions of interest by villagers to better understand coastal resource management (CRM) and the constraints in CRM implementation. Participatory mapping techniques and focus group discussions were held with Mararo and surrounding villages invited by the local leader. Threats to marine resources as well as the villagers’ views on resource management were discussed. The villagers’ primary concern was the management of their mangrove resources. In the past, several houses had to be relocated due to sea level rise, bringing to fore the importance of protecting their shoreline from further erosion and inundation.
Because of the remoteness of Mararo and the high cost of transportation to reach the village from WorldFish’s base in Honiara, the area is not likely to be considered a good candidate for demonstration. However, some assistance would be given to the community to facilitate further learning and information dissemination on coastal resource management.
A draft Malaita Province Fisheries Ordinance had been prepared by the Chief Fisheries Officer (CFO) for Malaita Province, therefore no assistance in this regard was needed. Instead, the CFO agreed with WorldFish on a workplan for 2013—2014 to cover the review process, awareness raising on the fisheries ordinance, presentation of the draft to the provincial executive, and presentation of the final draft to the full assembly for gazetting.
A baseline report prepared on CRM status in the province revealed continuing pressure exerted on natural resources by high population growth rates. Mangroves are harvested for fuel wood while corals are used as building materials and for manufacture of lime. Despite having the highest number of households dependent on marine resources (compared to other provinces in the country), Malaita has less than 100 square meters per household of reef and shallow areas available for gathering fish and shellfish for home consumption. While a number of communities practice traditional tambus and periodic closing of fishing grounds, there are few communities with conservation targets and formal fisheries management plans. These findings point to a need for the province to prioritize the maintenance of a healthy and productive fisheries resource, not only for food security but also to assist in the economic development of the province.
Project Title: Integrated Coastal Management in Malaita Province
Project Site: Malaita Province, Solomon Islands
Proponent: WorldFish Center
Objectives: To establish a “scale out” plan for community based resource management in Malaita
1) Coastal communities experienced in applying best practices in ecosystem-based management and climate change adaptation; and
2) Resilience of coastal ecosystems to climate change enhanced
1) Initiate testing of the CBRM Spread Model in Isabel and Malaita
2) Scope and solicit stakeholder agreement on the provincial networking for CBRM
3) Draft the Malaita Province Fisheries Ordinance
Duration: 5 October—31 December 31, 2012
Approved funding: $14,911
Dr. Anne-Marie Schwatz
WorldFish Center, Honiara, Solomon Islands