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The Coral Triangle contains vast marine resources critical for economic and food security of about 120 million people dependent on fishing, nature tourism, and other coastal and marine resources. Referred to as the “Amazon of the Seas,” it has 76% of all known coral species, 37% of all known coral reef fish species, 53% of the world’s coral reefs, and about 3,000 species of fish. It covers 5.7 million square kilometers and includes all or part of the six countries that are signatories to the Coral Triangle Initiative—including three from the Pacific, namely Papua New Guinea, Solomon Islands, and Timor-Leste. The Asian Development Bank has included Fiji and Vanuatu to form the Pacific Coral Triangle due to the five countries’ common environmental concerns like climate change and biodiversity conservation.

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