Report Assesses Indonesia’s Coastal EcosystemsCatch of the Week
Indonesia has the largest coral reef area in Southeast Asia and these are among the most biologically rich in the world. The archipelago is estimated to harbor over 75% of the world’s coral species.
Its coastal communities are home to at least 300 ethnic groups, all of which depend heavily on coastal and marine resources for food and income.
Unfortunately, pollution from human activity and overexploitation of the country’s fisheries put Indonesia at risk of food insecurity and vulnerability to climate change. Policy makers, resource managers, and coastal community residents require accurate, complete, and timely information to successfully address these threats.
The State of the Coral Triangle: Indonesia report assesses Indonesia’s coastal ecosystems, particularly their exploited resources. It describes the threats to these ecosystems, and explains the country’s plans to ensure their future sustainable use.
“As these SCT reports are the first to be published, they provide a baseline against which future progress in improving management of the Coral Triangle’s marine resources can be measured,” explained James A. Nugent, Director General of ADB’s Southeast Asia Department, in the report’s Foreword.
The Coral Triangle Initiative in Indonesia aims to (i) improve the governance and management of priority seascapes, (ii) implement the ecosystem-based approach to fisheries management (EAFM), (iii) improve management of MPAs, (iv) adopt climate change adaptation measures, and (v) improve the conservation status of threatened species.
The publication of several Coral Triangle Initiative (CTI) knowledge products is part of the support given by the Asian Development Bank (ADB).
These knowledge products include a State of the Coral Triangle (SCT) report for each member country, as well as a regional SCT report that promotes regional and international understanding of current ecological, political, and socioeconomic issues in the Coral Triangle.
These SCT reports describe the current condition of coastal ecosystems—particularly their exploited resources—in each of the six countries of the Coral Triangle, as well as in the entire Coral Triangle region. They likewise document these countries’ biophysical and socioeconomic characteristics, the environmental vulnerabilities of their coastal and marine ecosystems, and the aspects of governance currently in place for addressing these vulnerabilities.
DOWNLOAD: State of the Coral Triangle: Indonesia