Protecting and Conserving the Coral Reefs and Fisheries Resources of Solomon IslandsCatch of the Week
The State of the Coral Triangle: Solomon Islands report describes the status of Solomon Islands’ coastal and marine ecosystems, and the national plan of action to improve resource management.
The Coral Triangle’s easternmost country, Solomon Islands is a double-chained archipelago of approximately 990 islands. Fish constitute the major source of animal protein in the diet of most Solomon Islanders. It is also a primary source of cash income and food security for many.
Overfishing due to population growth and unsustainable fishing practices has resulted in a decrease in catch. This means that the estimated output from the entire national coastal fisheries resource may already be unable to meet future demand for fish.
Solomon Islands has one of the most diverse coral reef systems in the world, due to its highly varied marine habitat. At least 485 coral species belonging to 76 genera have been observed in Solomon Islands waters, which are likewise home to at least 1,019 fish species belonging to 82 families.
While significant efforts at all levels have thus far been undertaken to protect and sustainably utilize the country’s coral reefs and the fisheries associated with them, much more action in this regard is required if the environmental threats identified in the report are to be mitigated.
The publication of several Coral Triangle Initiative (CTI) knowledge products is part of the support given by the Asian Development Bank (ADB).
These knowledge products include a State of the Coral Triangle (SCT) report for each member country, as well as a regional SCT report that promotes regional and international understanding of current ecological, political, and socioeconomic issues in the Coral Triangle. A State of the Coral Triangle report for each member country has also been published, which addresses sustainable resource management issues at the national level.