Improving Papua New Guinea’s Marine Resource ManagementCatch of the Week
The State of the Coral Triangle: Papua New Guinea reports on the status of the country’s marine resources and explains its national plan of action to improve marine resource management and address the numerous threats that it faces.
The report further describes the biophysical characteristics of the country’s coastal and marine ecosystems, the manner in which they are being exploited, the framework in place that governs their use, the socioeconomic characteristics of the communities that use them, and the environmental threats posed by the manner in with they are being used.
Papua New Guinea (PNG) is the largest Pacific island country with a total land area of 462,000 square kilometers. It’s exclusive economic zone at 3.12 million sq. km. is the world’s second largest.
PNG’s principal marine and coastal ecosystems include 13,840 sq. km. of coral reefs, 4,200 sq. km. of mangrove swamp forests, and extensive seagrass beds. The country is home to at least 500 species of stony coral, 1,635 reef-associated fish species, 43 mangrove species, and 7 seagrass species.
The publication of several Coral Triangle Initiative (CTI) knowledge products is part of the support given by the Asian Development Bank (ADB).
These knowledge products include a State of the Coral Triangle (SCT) report for each member country, as well as a regional SCT report that promotes regional and international understanding of current ecological, political, and socioeconomic issues in the Coral Triangle. A State of the Coral Triangle report for each member country has also been published, which addresses sustainable resource management issues at the national level.